ASTM F 1066 Vinyl Composition Floor Tile



ASTM F 1066 Standard Specification for Vinyl Composition Floor Tile
(Supersedes Federal Specification SS-T-312B)

This specification is issued under the jurisdiction of ASTM International Committee F06 on Resilient Floor Coverings
For the complete text of this standard and other ASTM standards visit the ASTM website at or contact ASTM Customer Service at

Scope: This specification covers vinyl composition tile (VCT) with either smooth or embossed surfaces for flooring application.
Use:  Commercial, light commercial and residential buildings
: The vinyl composition floor tile covered by this specification shall be non-asbestos formulated and classified as follows:               

Class 1Solid color tile
Class 2Through pattern*
Class 3Surface pattern**
*Either the pattern and colors on the surface or the colors appearing on the surface shall extend throughout the entire thickness of the tile
**The appearance of the tile, when the wearing layer is removed to a depth of 0.010 in. (0.254 mm), shall compare favorably with the tile’s original appearance
MaterialsThe tile shall be composed of binder, fillers and pigments. The binder shall consist of one or more resins of poly(vinyl chloride) or vinyl chloride copolymers or both compounded with suitable plasticizers
Size± 0.016 in. (0.406 mm) per linear ft
Thicknesses± 0.005 in. (0.127 mm) as specified
SquarenessShall not exceed 0.010 in. (0.254 mm).
Indentation30 lb load on a 1/4″ diameter ball tip:
77°F – 1 minute: 0.006 to 0.015 in. (0.152 to 0.381 mm)
77° F – 10 minutes: See Table 1 below  
115° F – 30 seconds: <0.032 in. (0.813 mm)
Impact ResistanceNo crack greater than 3″ after 4 drops
1 in. diameter steel balls (65 grams); 20″ drop height
Deflection1 in. (25.4 mm), minimum
Dimensional Stability0.024 in. (0.610 mm) per linear foot after 6 hours at 180° F
Resistance to ChemicalsNo more than a slight change in surface dulling, attack or stain:
5% acetic acid, 70% isopropyl alcohol, white mineral oil, 5% sodium hydroxide, 5% ammonia, 5.25% bleach, olive oil, kerosene, unleaded gasoline (regular grade), and Phenol (5% active phenol)
Resistance to HeatColor change ΔE ≤ 8 after 7 days at 158°F

Table 1 Ten Minute Indentation

1 min1 minAfter 10 min, maxAfter 10 min, max1 min1 minAfter 10 min, maxAfter 10 min, max
Premium Excelon Feature Tile & StripsClass 1Meets or Exceeds
Standard Excelon
– Imperial Texture
Class 2Meets or Exceeds
Premium Excelon
– Crown Texture
– Raffia Stream
– Companion Square
– Stonetex
Class 2Meets or Exceeds
Safety Zone TileClass 2Meets or Exceeds
SDTClass 2Meets requirements for size, thickness, squareness, indentation, impact, dimensional
stability, resistance to chemicals and resistance to heat
Class 2Meets or Exceeds
Updated on April 22, 2024

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