ASTM F 1700 Solid Vinyl Floor Tile



ASTM F 1700 Standard Specification for Solid Vinyl Floor Tile
(Supersedes Federal Specification SS‐T‐312B)

This specification is issued under the jurisdiction of ASTM International Committee F06 on Resilient Floor Coverings.
For the complete text of this standard and other ASTM standards visit the ASTM website at or contact ASTM Customer Service at

ScopeThis specification covers solid vinyl floor tiles that are monolithic, surface decorated or printed and protected by a clear wear layer.
Intended UseCommercial, light commercial and residential buildings
Class – Product ConstructionType – Surface Texture
Class I ‐ Monolithic Type A ‐ Smooth
Type B ‐ Embossed
Class II – Surface Decorated* Type A ‐ Smooth
Type B ‐ Embossed
Class III – Printed Film** Type A ‐ Smooth
Type B ‐ Embossed
*The appearance of the tile, when the wearing layer is removed to a depth of 0.010 in. (0.254 mm), shall compare favorably with the tile’s original appearance
** For commercial applications, the wear layer shall be a minimum of 0.020 in. (0.50 mm) thic
CharacteristicsClass I Class II Class III
Binder Content – Each ply or layer 34%34%
Binder Content – Clear wear layer 90%
Binder Content – Base/Inner Layer(s) 30%*
* Single composite average of binder content for all layers other than the wear layer
Characteristics Requirements
MaterialsThe tile shall be composed of binder, filler and pigments compounded with suitable lubricants and processing aids. The binder consists of one or more polymers or copolymers of polyvinyl chloride, other modifying resins, plasticizers and stabilizers.
Size± 0.016 in. (0.406 mm) per linear ft
ThicknessesAs specified ± 0.005 in. (0.127 mm)
SquarenessShall not exceed 0.010 in. (0.254 mm)
Indentation after 1 hour recovery
≤ 8 %
Maximum single reading ≤ 10 %
140 lb load on a 0.178 in. diameter flat foot for 10 minutes
Flexibility1 in. (25.4 mm) diameter mandrel
No cracks or breaks
Dimensional Stability0.020 in. (0.5 mm) per linear foot after 6 hours at 180° F
Resistance to
No more than a slight change in surface dulling, attack or stain 5% acetic acid, 70% isopropyl alcohol, white mineral oil, 5% sodium hydroxide, 5% hydrochloric acid, 5% sulfuric acid, 5% ammonia, 5.25% bleach, Olive oil, kerosene, unleaded gasoline (regular grade), Phenol (5 % active phenol)
Resistance to LightColor change ΔE ≤ 8 after 300 hours exposure to Xenon arc light source
Resistance to HeatColor change ΔE ≤ 8 after 7 days at 158°F

Current Products

Natural Creations w/Diamond 10Class III , Type BMeets or Exceeds
American Charm 6 & 12
Liberty Forge 6 & 12
Class III, Type BMeets size, squareness,
thickness, flexibility, residual
indentation, resistance to
chemicals and resistance to heat and light
Parallel USA 12/20Class III, Type BMeets or Exceeds
BiomeClass III, Type BMeets or Exceeds
CoalesceClass III, Type BMeets or Exceeds
DuoClass III, Type BMeets or Exceeds
ExchangeClass III, Type B Meets or Exceeds 
TerraClass III, Type BMeets or Exceeds
TheoremClass III, Type BMeets or Exceeds 
UnifyClass III, Type BMeets or Exceeds 
Landing TilesClass 1 Type AMeets or Exceeds 
** For commercial applications, the wear layer shall be a minimum of 0.020 in. (0.50 mm) thick
Updated on May 31, 2023