ASTM F 1913 Sheet Vinyl Floor Covering Without Backing



ASTM F 1913 Standard Specification for Vinyl Sheet Floor Covering Without Backing

This specification is issued under the jurisdiction of ASTM International Committee F06 on Resilient Floor Coverings
For the complete text of this standard and other ASTM standards visit the ASTM website at or contact ASTM Customer Service at

Scope: This specification covers sheet floor covering having a vinyl wear layer without backing. Products may also contain a clear specialty performance top layer(s).

Use:  Commercial and light commercial buildings
: N/A

The binder content of the PVC-pattern portion of the wear layer (vinyl resins, plasticizers and stabilizers) shall be a minimum of 50 %.

All flooring may have a clear specialty performance top layer(s) with an average minimum total thickness of 0.0004 in.

The specialty performance top layer(s) may consist of a single layer or multiple layers, which do not delaminate under normal use.

Top layer(s) thinner than 0.0004 in. may be used but cannot be counted as part of the clear specialty performance top layer.

The total thickness is the sum of the PVC wear layer and the clear specialty top layer(s).

Wear Layer Composition50% minimum binder content
The wear layer shall have a vinyl plastic binder and may include pigments, fillers, extenders and other ingredients.
The composition shall be uniform and extend throughout the full thickness of the pattern portion of the wear layer.
Clear Specialty Top Layer0.0004 in. (0.01 mm) min
0.005 in. (0.137 mm) max
Overall Thickness0.075 in. (1.9 mm) Minimum average
Residual Indentation
(after 1 hour recovery)
≤ 0.007 in. (0.18 mm)
75 lb load on a 1/4″ diameter flat tip for 15 minutes
Static Load Resistance≤ 0.005 in. (0.13 mm) residual indentation @ 250 PSI
Flexibility1½ in. (38 mm) diameter mandrel – no cracks or breaks
Resistance to ChemicalsNo more than a slight change in surface dulling, attack or stain
5% acetic acid, 70% isopropyl alcohol, white mineral oil, 5% sodium hydroxide, 5% hydrochloric acid, 5% sulfuric acid, 5% ammonia, 5.25% bleach, Olive oil, kerosene, unleaded gasoline
Resistance to HeatColor change ΔE ≤ 8 after 7 days at 158°F
Resistance to LightColor change ΔE ≤ 8 after 300 hours exposure to Xenon arc light source

Updated on May 12, 2023