Armstrong Flooring Theorem 2.5mm Commercial Luxury Vinyl Tile DATA SHEET

Product Information

Traffic Type: Commercial
Overall Thickness: 2.5 mm (0.100″)
Wear Layer: 20 mil
Finish: Urethane with Diamond 10 Technology 
Gloss: Low
Face Treatment: Embossed
Edge/End Treatment: Eased Edges/Eased Ends
Manufacturing Location: USA

Width x Length: 

6″ x 36″ (15.3 cm x 91.4 cm)


20 Year Limited Commercial Warranty

Product Structure

  1. Diamond 10® Technology
    Patented innovation that uses cultured diamonds to provide category-leading
    scratch, stain, and scuff resistance from edge-to-edge
  2. Rigid Wear Layer
    The combination of Diamond 10® Technology and the unique rigid wear layer
    results in enhanced durability and abrasion resistance
  3. Realistic Printed Visual
  4. Foundation Layer

Product Features

  • See the Theorem collection at
  • Our innate desire to collaborate is a large part of our success story — and it’s a critical component of a brighter future. With Theorem, spark curiosity and collaboration in the next generation of doers, thinkers, influencers and connectors with a carefully curated palette of color and pattern.
  • Theorem includes three unique designs — Alchemy, Algebra 1 and Algebra 2 — representing a universal language, a nod to how we communicate with geometric symbols to exchange information, connecting art, science and technology. Alchemy was carefully formulated to strike a harmony between pattern and contrasting color, ranging from brights to rich dark shades. Algebra 1 and Algebra 2 are a play on scale, featuring a unique pattern to inspire joy and productivity for dynamic learning.
  • Designed for high traffic and heavy loads
  • Diamond 10™ Technology Performance
    • Low maintenance, no polish solution
    • Keeps floors looking newer, longer
    • Reduces life cycle costs
    • Flexible maintenance options
  • Low VOC emissions – California Section 01350 compliant, third-party FloorScore certification and LEED eligibility

MATERIAL: A tough, clear, unfilled polyurethane wear layer composed of polyvinyl chloride resins, plasticizers, stabilizers and processing aids on a filled vinyl backing.

PATTERN AND COLORS: The overall visuals are created by a print between the wear layer and intermediate color layer. The clear wear layer is embossed with different textures to enhance each of the printed visuals. Color pigments are insoluble in water and resistant to cleaning agents and light.

REFERENCE SPECIFICATION: ASTM F 1700, Class III, Type B – Embossed Surface


Per ASTM F 1700
PerformanceTest MethodRequirementPerformance vs. Requirement
ThicknessASTM F386Nominal ±0.005 in.Meets
Wear Layer ThicknessASTM F4100.020 in. (0.5 mm) minimum for Commercial UseMeets
SizeASTM F2421± 0.016 in. per linear footMeets
SquarenessASTM F24210.010 in. maximumMeets
Residual IndentationASTM F1914Average less than 8%Meets
Chemical ResistanceASTM F925No more than slight change in surface dulling, attack or stainingMeets
Resistance to HeatASTM F1514ΔE < 8 avg., maxMeets
Resistance to Light ASTM F1515 ΔE < 8 avg., max Meets
Additional Testing
PerformanceTest MethodRequirementPerformance vs. Requirement
Dimensional StabilityInternal≥ 0.018 in. per linear ft. MD
≥ 0.012 in. per lin. ft. AMD
Static Load ResistanceASTM F970*< 0.005 in.2000 psi
Fire Test Data – Flame SpreadASTM E6480.45 W/cm2 or more Class 1Meets
Fire Test Data – Smoke EvolutionASTM E662450 or lessMeets
Fire Test Data – CanadaCAN/ULC S-102.2Use dependentFlame Spread – 5
Smoke Developed – 75
ADA Standards for Accessible DesignChapter 3, Section 302.1Floor surfaces shall be stable, firm and slip resistantMeets
Static Coefficient of Friction**ASTM D2047/UL 410≥ 0.5Meets
AcousticsASTM E492 (IIC)
International Building Code (IIC ≥ 50)
International Building Code (STC ≥ 50)
Sound Transmission Reduction
6 in. concrete, no ceiling with
S-1840 Quiet Comfort Luxury Flooring Underlayment
IIC – 53
STC – 51
Delta IIC – 22
*Testing at loads above 250 psi is outside the scope of the test method. Since testing is conducted on uninstalled flooring, results do not consider the performance of the adhesive, underlayment, or subfloor. These test results are not an indicator of the installed flooring system performance.

** Using the James Machine as described in D2047 and as directed in UL 410 for floor covering materials (FCM) using a leather foot under dry conditions. The application of site-applied floor sealers, polishes and other types of finishes routinely used to maintain resilient flooring materials will change the walking surface and consequently the SCOF value.

Recommended Applications

Recommended Applications Chart – Luxury Vinyl Tile (LVT)


LEED Credit Information – Commercial
Sustainable Design Information 
FloorScore Certificates – Luxury Vinyl Tile
Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) – Luxury Vinyl Tile


Resilient Sheet Flooring Products and Resilient Tile Flooring Products MIS


Location:All grade levels
System:Commercial Luxury Flooring Installation Instructions
Fitting:All Methods
Adhesives:S-995 Flooring Adhesive
S-1000 Set-In-Wet on all substrates
S-319 Dry-To-Touch over porous and nonporous substrates
Acoustic Underlayment:S-1840 Quiet Comfort Luxury Flooring Underlayment

Installation Special Precautions and Recommendations:

  • Refer to the Commercial Luxury Vinyl Tile Flooring Installation System for complete installation recommendations.
  • Armstrong Flooring S-1000 must be used in areas subject to direct sunlight, topical moisture, concentrated static and dynamic loads, temperature fluctuations and when installed over ceramic tile, terrazzo, marble, metal and polymeric (seamless) floors.
  • Same dye lot not required within an installation.
  • When installing planks, the end joints should be staggered a minimum of 6″ apart.
  • When installing rectangles, the tile can be installed in block/tile fashion or offset tile joints by one-half tile.
  • Can be installed over a single layer of existing resilient flooring.
  • Do not install over existing below-grade tile.
  • Armstrong Flooring commercial flooring is used in many applications where it is subjected to heavy concentrated static and dynamic loads. For questions regarding product suitability and detailed instructions for floor preparation and installation in these types of applications, please contact AHF Products.

Care and Maintenance

Maintenance Recommendations:
Maintenance Recommendations For Commercial LVT

Maintenance Products:
Cleaner: Armstrong Flooring S-485
Polish: Armstrong Flooring S-480

Product Data Table

Tiles Per Carton24
Area Per Tile1.5 sq ft (0.14 sq m)
Length 36.7″ (93.3 cm)
Width6.4″ (16.3 cm)
Height 2.7″ (6.9 cm)
Coverage Per Carton36 sq ft (3.35 sq m)
Carton Weight39 lbs (17.7 kg)
Cartons Per Pallet54
Coverage Per Pallet1944 sq ft (180.9 sq m)
Theorem Pattern NameColorModel Number SuffixSize
AlchemyHorn SilverST9206116″ x 36″
AlchemyQuicksilverST9216116″ x 36″
AlchemyBlendeST9236116″ x 36″
AlchemyPyriteST9246116″ x 36″
AlchemySalt of SaturnST9256116″ x 36″
AlchemyMosaic GoldST9156116″ x 36″
AlchemyVermilionST9166116″ x 36″
AlchemyCupriteST9176116″ x 36″
AlchemyZaffreST9186116″ x 36″
AlchemyFluoriteST9196116″ x 36″
AlchemyDolomiteST9406116″ x 36″
AlchemyVerdigrisST9416116″ x 36″
AlchemySalmiacST9426116″ x 36″
AlchemyCassius PurpleST9466116″ x 36″
AlchemyBluestoneST9476116″ x 36″
AlchemyMarcasiteST9496116″ x 36″
AlchemyAzuriteST9506116″ x 36″
AlchemyGalenaST9516116″ x 36″
Algebra 1deGrasseST9826116″ x 36″
Algebra 1Pythagorean ST9836116″ x 36″
Algebra 1NewtonST9846116″ x 36″
Algebra 1EinsteinST9856116″ x 36″
Algebra 2deGrasse GreenST9926116″ x 36″
Algebra 2Pythagorean AshST9936116″ x 36″
Algebra 2Newton GrayST9946116″ x 36″
Algebra 2Einstein BlueST9956116″ x 36″
Theorem Pattern Name Color Model NumberSuffix Size
Updated on August 15, 2023

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